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19 - QUESTION:  What is the area of Spain conquered by the Arabs called?

Answer:  Andalusia.

Andalusia is the region of Spain south of the Iberian peninsula. It is divided into eight provinces: Granada, Seville, Córdoba, Málaga, Cádiz, Jaén, Huelva and Almería. The name Andalusia traces back to the Arabic language Al-Andalus. As well as Muslim or "Moorish" influences, the region's history and culture have been influenced by the earlier Iberians, Carthaginians, Greeks, Roman Empire, Vandals, Visigoths, all of whom preceded the Muslims, who ruled from 711 to 1492. The geostrategic position of Andalusia in the extreme south of Europe, together with Morocco provided a gateway between Europe and Africa. In addition to Andalusia's position between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Andalusia has figured prominently in the history of Europe and the Mediterranean due to its links to the trade routes between Europe and North Africa, such as the trans-Saharan routes. The centuries Islamic rule in Spain served as an East-West bridge of cultural and scientific exchange, just as the land and sea routes of the Silk Road.


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