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13 - QUESTION:  Which ancient civilization (centered in modern-day Lebanon)  was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean during the period 1550 BC to 300 BC?

Answer: The Phoenicians.

Phoenicia centered in modern-day Lebanon and the coast of Syria, was an ancient civilization. Phoenician civilization was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean during the period 1550 BC to 300 BC. The Phoenicians often traded by means of a galley, a man-powered sailing vessel. According to Roman sources, Phoenician colonists also founded the city of Carthage in present-day Tunisia in 814 BC (led by Queen Elissa, "Alissar," an exiled princess of the ancient Phoenician city of Tyre). Carthage became an international metropolis.


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