Silk Road Trade & Travel Encyclopedia
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12 - QUESTION:  How were goods carried and transported across the Silk Road and desert routes?

Answer: By Caravans.

Items were transported in large caravans for increased safety. Because most traders could not afford large armed escorts to fight off robbers, merchants often travelled together in caravans along dangerous routes, deserts, and mountains. Most trade was conducted with the help of pack animals, often consisting of camels in the form of caravans. A "caravansary " (caravanserai) served as an inn were merchants and caravans were provided food and rest, as well as baths and storerooms for their goods. Many of these establishments served as international marketplaces, and flourished as centers of service and  trade as a result of supplying merchant caravans.


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