Silk Road Trade & Travel Encyclopedia

New!  Silk Road Relations in the 21st C   New!
OBOR - China's Maritime & Silk Road Revival
  Part II  - 

  Click on a Letter to Start Your Silk Routes Journey 

A | B | C | D | E  F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

An educational archive of facts on the Silk Road's rich history & heritage.
Learn about the 3000-year-old networks of land & maritime trade routes.

 Silk Routes.Net 



The "Silk Routes" (collectively known as the "Silk Road") crossed Eurasia from China to Europe, and served as the main vehicle of trade and communication for thousands of years. As you view the entries in our A to Z directory, and learn about the historical impact of the Silk Road, there are many surprising facts you will discover about how 21st century innovations are indebted to these ancient trade routes! Anyone interested in learning about the scientific and cultural developments of today needs to gain knowledge about the civilizations that existed at the crossroads of caravans. During your travels, or while preparing for your trip along the regions of the Silk Routes, you may come across words with which you are not familiar. To better understand and appreciate the culture, history and traditions which thrived for millennia across the Silk Routes, it is important that you familiarize yourself with as many words as possible.

"A journey of 1,000 miles begins with a single step."
Facts & Trivia   Homework Help








Realities of the Orient


Demystifying the Orient 东方

Silk Road Trade

Maps & Atlas 地图

Silk, Incense & Spice Routes
/ 香之路 / 香料之路

Events & Chronology
事件 / 年表

Historical Figures 历史图画

Travelers 历史旅行家 

Explorers 探险家

Trade Items & Products

Major Cities 主要城市

Arts & Architecture 建筑风格

Museum Displays 手工艺品

Welcome to our website















And Now. . . A New Era of Bridging Ancient Crossroads  

      It is our aim to provide educational information on what has been called the "Silk Road," or "Silk Routes." Although the "Silk Road" may appear as a single road, it is a network of centuries-old trade routes which enabled traders to travel from Xian in China, to Istanbul in Turkey. More than half of this East-West route is in China. Turkey and China, are geographically situated at the two ends of this legendary channel of historic Eurasian transport and communication. Over the millennia, the peoples and nations along the path of the Silk Routes have transformed, and now with the advance of the Internet we seek to promote travel, trade, cultural and scientific exchange, so that the lands of the historic Silk Routes thrive in the future, as they have in the past.

      As Silk Road economies prosper, this web site aims to better inform the international community about the realities of the “East.” As the 21st century version of the Silk Road expands and spans the globe, nations along these routes must promote a more accurate understanding of the history of the nations along these routes and reveal the opportunities their markets offer. The approaching century should be one in which the West and East can live harmoniously. The development of sound relations, as well the expansion of transcontinental transport and modern travel, are all vital to cultivating a spirit of understanding so that modern-day exchanges and dialogue enhance future cultural, educational, scientific, geo-political, economic and international cooperation.

The New Silk Road
Nations along the Silk Road Connecting the Past to the present

Beyond the Silk Road
Forging Modern-Day Global Trans-Continental Trade & Cooperation Routes

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *  

Bridging the two continents of Europe & Asia with overland & maritime routes

Trade routes since antiquity have played a major role in the cultural, political, military, economic, religious, and artistic exchanges that took place between the major centers of civilization in Europe and Asia. Some of these land and maritime trade routes had been in use for centuries, but by the beginning of the first century A.D., merchants, diplomats, and travelers could cross the ancient world from the Mediterranean Sea in the west, to China and beyond, across Korea to the Sea of Japan in the east. The trade routes served principally to transfer luxury goods, foodstuffs, and raw materials from the Mediterranean, Persia, India, Central Asia, China, Korea and Japan. Some areas had a monopoly on certain materials or goods, such as China who supplied silk to Asia and the Mediterranean world, while spices were obtained principally from South Asia. The incense routes from Arabia had also been in use for centuries. And thus, all these variety of goods were transported over vast distances (either by pack animals overland, or by seagoing ships) along the network of silk, spice, and incense routes, which were the main arteries of contact between the various ancient empires. The Silk Routes influence not only carried over into Korea and Japan, but also to the maritime routes which extended to the Philippines, Brunei, Thailand, Malacca, Sri Lanka, India, the Persian Gulf, Egypt, Italy, and Portugal. By the 19th century, well-known historical figures had left their mark upon those routes, as well as armies engaged in war, military and political leaders, rulers and administrators, emissaries, envoys, diplomats, religious figures, learned scholars, scientists, explorers, archeologists, topographers, geographers, historians, travelogue writers,  artists, nomads, bandits, robbers, secret agents and spies of the "Great Game," and passengers of the luxurious "Orient Express" to Istanbul. The many ports, cities, towns, fortresses, oases, and "caravanserais" located along these trade routes grew rich providing services to merchants, while also serving as international marketplaces. Istanbul was a unique city along the Silk Road serving as an inter-continental crossroads and port from where goods were transported overland or by ship to and from Europe and other continents. Today it is the only city in the world bridging the two continents of Europe and Asia.

© 2010-2015 Silk Road Encyclopedia.Com Transorient Enterprises. 
All Rights Reserved. Hosting Sponsored by Kriweb.
Material is attributed to reliable sources however Silk Road Encyclopedia.Com cannot guarantee the validity of all information found here or derived from Wikipedia.
This website aims to serve as an educational online encyclopedia that provides information for educators, students, tourists, researchers, and business communities.

本网站Silk Road Encyclopedia.Com旨在作为一本网上教育性百科全书为教育者、学生、游客、研究者和商界人士提供历史知识。